Heat Relief

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Linn County Public Health would like to remind residents to protect themselves against the effects of elevated summer temperatures. According to The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), heat is the number one weather-related killer in the United States.  As temperature begin to soar to 100°F, the excessive humidity in combination with the heat may leave you dehydrated and could be life threatening.  As such it is essential that you take strides to keep you and your family safe.  See the list of Heat Relief Locations (PDF) in your area for acting during excessive heat events.

On days of extreme heat, be sure to check in on family, friends and neighbors who are at-risk of falling ill due to the heat.  No matter the circumstance, children and pets SHOULD NOT be left in vehicles unattended.  In addition, be sure that pets have free access to fresh drinking water and are kept safe from the heat.

Warning Signs and Symptoms of Heat-Related Illness 

  1. Heat Stroke
  2. Heat Exhaustion
  3. Heat Cramps
  4. Sunburn
  5. Heat Rash

Heat stroke occurs when the body is unable to regulate its temperature.  The body's temperature rises rapidly, the sweating mechanism fails, and the body is unable to cool down.  Body temperature may rise to 106°F or higher within 10 to 15 minutes. Heat stroke can cause death or permanent disability if emergency treatment is not provided.  Warning signs of heat stroke vary but may include the following:

WHAT TO LOOK FOR

  • High body temperature (103°F or higher)
  • Hot, red, dry, or damp skin
  • Fast, strong pulse
  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea
  • Confusion
  • Losing consciousness (passing out)

WHAT TO DO 

  • Call 911 right away-heat stroke is a medical emergency
  • Move the person to a cooler place
  • Help lower the person’s temperature with cool cloths or a cool bath
  • Do not give the person anything to drink

Prevent Heat-Related Illness

  • Spend more time indoors, if a home is not air-conditioned, spend time in public facilities that are
  • Drink plenty of water, even if you are not thirsty
  • Avoid caffeinated and alcoholic beverages
  • Wear loose, light colored clothing and sunscreen
  • Schedule outdoor activities early in the day or later in the evening
  • Limit outdoor activities and take frequent breaks to cool off
  • Eat light meals
  • Monitor people at high risk for heat-related illness, and
  • Don't forget about pets!

Individuals at Risk for Heat-Related Illness

  • Children less than 5 years of age
  • Elderly 65 years and older
  • Elderly living alone
  • Person's without air conditioning

Additional Information